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Cardiovascular Examination


Bates’ Visual Guide to the Physical Examination (4th edition)

This video collection accompanies the classic textbook of physical diagnosis used by most medical schools including the University of Pittsburgh. The videos serve as a companion to the textbook and provide a demonstration on how each exam is performed. Bates is often the definitive resource for student exams.

Heart Sounds and Cardiac Arrhythmias (Blaufuss Multimedia)
This online tutorial, used for many years by our most respected cardiologists focuses on four common heart murmurs (aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, mitral stenosis, mitral regurgitation). Each murmur is discussed in detail and illustrated with phonocardiograms, hemodynamic data, and computer animations. Users can also listen to what each murmurs sounds like at different locations on the precordium. An EKG tutorial is also included.

A Practical Guide to Clinical Medicine (University of California, San Diego)

This is a written document complete with photos that lead the learner through the normal and abnormal cardiac exam.

Physical Exam Modules (University of Virginia)

This site provides a comprehensive written explanation of the cardiac exam, accompanied by photos and a video.

Advanced Physical Diagnosis Learning and Teaching at the Bedside, edition 1 (University of Washington)

This skill module provides video demonstrations, audio examples, historical background and additional information vital to the cardiac examination.

Online Physical Examination Teaching Assessment (University of Florida)

This series of videos, created by physicians at the University of Florida School of Medicine, provides demonstrations and short lists of clinical pearls on how to perform components of the physical examination.